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Cluster Four: Thinking on your own
Thinking Skill: Synthesizing
  • Where Have All the Flowers Gone? (Pete Seeger)
  • Epilogue (Philip Caputo)
  • A President's Pain (Gerald R. Ford)
  • The Summer of Vietnam (Barbara Renaud Gonzalez)
  • Stop the Sun (Gary Paulsen)
  • To Heal a Nation (Joel L. Swerdlow)

Prediction: From the following picture, what can you guess the Cluster will be about?
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Where Have All the Flowers Gone? (Song Lyrics)


Prediction: From the following picture, what can you guess the story will be about?
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http://youtu.be/T1tqtvxG8O4
Pete Seeger is a much admired musician, singer, and songwriter. In 1942 he was drafted and served in World War II. When he returned he formed a band called the Weavers, which was popular until it was blacklisted by the McCarthy era. He was tried for conspiring with the communists and sentenced to ten years in prison. His conviction was later overturned. He was strongly opposed to the Vietnam War.
  1. What happens to the young men in the song?
  2. What pattern do the lyrics follow?
  3. Why do you think this song became popular with those who opposed the war in Vietnam?
  4. If you were to write a protest song today, what would you protest?


Epilogue (Autobiography)

Prediction: From the following picture, what can you guess the story will be about?
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Philip Caputo was part of the first U.S. ground combat unit committed to fighting in Vietnam. He returned home after 16 months. He worked for the Chicago Tribune and returned to Vietnam to cover the 1975 fall of Saigon. He was one of the first combat soldiers in Vietnam and one of the last Americans evacuated. He won a Pulitzer Prize in 1972 for reporting on election fraud in Chicago. He has written several books about Vietnam, including a memoir.

Nearly 9,000 people were evacuated, including 1,373 American noncombatants. Five hours after the last helicopters left, South Vietnam General Duong Van Minh ordered an end to fighting. Saigon fell without a battle.
  1. What did the Americans in Saigon fear might happen if the Viet Cong invaded the capital?
  2. How does the author make the experience of the evacuation vivid for readers?
  3. What does the author see as the significance of the evacuation?


A President's Pain (Vignette)

Prediction: From the following picture, what can you guess the story will be about?
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Gerald R. Ford became the President upon the resignation of Richard M. Nixon. He pardoned Nixon and lost his bid for another term as President to Jimmy Carter in 1978.
  1. How does President Ford describe his role in the Vietnam conflict?
  2. What priorities did the president set for the evacuation?
  3. Why do you think President Ford called the final days in Vietnam the "saddest of my public life?"
  4. The evacuation of Saigon is one of Gerald Ford's most enduring memories of the Vietnam conflict.
  5. What images of the conflict stand out in your mind?


The Summer of Vietnam (Essay)

Prediction: From the following picture, what can you guess the story will be about?
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Barbara Renaud Ganzalez is a Chicano writer and editor who advocates an appreciation of the multicultural heritage of Americans, particularly Mexican Americans.



Stop the Sun (Short Story)

Prediction: From the following picture, what can you guess the story will be about?
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Gary Paulsen ran away from home and joined a carnival at age 14. He had many jobs, including farmer, truck driver, sailor, and even an Alaskan dogsled racer. Three of his books have won Newbery honors. He lives with his wife Ruth, an artist who illustrates several of his books.


To Heal a Nation (Article)

Prediction: From the following picture, what can you guess the story will be about?
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Joel Swerdlow was born in America, but spent part of his childhood in Burma. He worked for National Public Radio, where he covered the Watergate trial and the White House. He also served as a writer for National Geographic. He is also the author or editor of several books and numerous articles on current events.


Responding to Cluster Four