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Cluster One: What were the roots of the conflict?
Thinking Skill: Summarizing
  • Ballad of the Green Berets ( Sgt. Barry Sadler)
  • History (Thuong Vuong-Riddick)
  • The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution May Have Been the Gulf Between Truth and Fiction (M. Hirsh Goldberg)
  • Jack Smith (Ron Steinman)
  • On the Rainy River (Tim O'Brien)

Prediction: From the following picture, what can you guess the Cluster will be about?
Vietnam_Cluster_1.jpg


Ballad of the Green Berets (Song Lyrics)

Prediction: From the following picture, what can you guess the story will be about?
Ballad_of_the_Green_Berets.jpg

SGT. Barry Sadler- Singer, songwriter, and author, he was also a Green Beret who became famous for his "Ballad of the Green Berets." He wrote the song while recuperating from a leg wound received in Vietnam, and was the number one hit single in 1966. He wrote many other songs and a series of novels about a mercenary soldier. He was killed by a gunshot wound he suffered while riding in a cab in Guatemala. Questions remain about his injury and subsequent death.

  1. How does the songwriter describe the Green Berets? (Recall)
  2. Why do you think this ballad became a number one hit during the early years of the war? (Analysis)
  3. How well does this song fit your image of the soldiers who fought and died in Vietnam? (Analysis)
http://youtu.be/0y5GDvN9_OE


History (Poem)

Prediction: From the following picture, what can you guess the story will be about?
Vietnam_History.jpg

Thuong Vuong-Riddick was born in Hanoi. After spending her childhood in the countryside of Vietnam, she studied in Paris. In 1969, she immigrated to Canada and taught French literature. In 1995, she published a book of poetry entitled Two Shores/Deux Rives. She has also written a prose memoir about growing up in Vietnam.

  1. This poem was intentionally written with no words that show emotion. What words might you insert in the poem to evoke emotions? (Analysis)
  2. What would the insertion of emotions do to the overall effect of the poem? (Analysis)
  3. What one thing about Vietnamese history stands out in your mind after reading this poem? (Recall)
  4. What is the impact of repeating the word "killed"? (Analysis)
  5. How does the purpose of the timeline differ from the purpose of the poem? (Analysis)
  6. Why is a timeline considered a reference tool while a poem is a work of literature? (Synthesize)


The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution May Have Been the Gulf Between Truth and Fiction (article)

Prediction: From the following picture, what can you guess the story will be about?
The_Gulf_of_Tonkin.jpg

M. Hirsch Goldberg- a writer best known for his writings on Judaism, he explores the relationship between Jews, Muslims, and Christians throughout history. In all of his writings he professes a devotion to clarifying facts and eliminating erroneous and persistent myths.

  1. What is the main point of this article? (Summarize)
  2. Summarize the various points of view about the Gulf of Tonkin incident. (Summarize)
  3. How might a news report of the Gulf of Tonkin incident be different than an opinion piece? (Compare)
  4. What do you think Sgt. Barry Sadler would say in response to Goldberg's article?
  5. Bias occurs when a writer favors one side in an argument by presenting only one point of view, or presenting more arguments against one side than another. In what way(s) might Goldberg's article be viewed as biased?
  6. Does the media today present news without bias? Give examples to support your opinion.


Jack Smith (Oral History)

Prediction: From the following picture, what can you guess the story will be about?
Jack_Smith.jpg

Ron Steinman- Worked for NBC news for 35 years as a news editor and producer. He was the NBC bureau chief in Saigon in 1966, and in 1975 he joined the Today Show. He is the winner of numerous awards and later produced documentaries for A&E, the Discovery Channel, The History Channel, and Lifetime.


This oral history is based on one of several interviews that Ron Steinman conducted with Vietnam veterans.
  1. In what ways does Jack Smith consider himself a typical soldier? (Recall)
  2. How was Jack Smith affected by his experiences in Vietnam? (Analysis)
  3. What would Jack Smith's reaction to the "Ballad of the Green Berets" be before and after his tour? (Analysis)
  4. Since oral histories are first person testimonials, do you believe they are always reliable? Explain.
  5. Using information from Jack Smith's description of combat, write a caption for the picture. (Analysis)


On the Rainy River (Short Story)

Prediction: From the following picture, what can you guess the story will be about?
On_the_Rainy_River.jpg

Tim O'Brien grew up in Minnesota. After college, he planned to go to graduate school, but he was drafted into the army as a foot soldier and served in Vietnam for two years. Upon his return, he became a graduate student at Harvard, but left to write full time. He wrote a memoir about his tour as a combat infantryman in the My Lai region in 1969 and 1970. He won the National Book Award in 1978 for his novel about a soldier who goes AWOL in Vietnam.

  1. Why does the speaker object to the conflict in Vietnam? (Recall)
  2. Describe the speaker's conflict over serving in Vietnam. (Analysis)
  3. What does the Rainy River represent to the speaker? (Analysis)
  4. Why do you think the speaker says that Elroy Berdahl saved his life? (Analysis)
  5. In your opinion, should conscientious objectors be made to serve in other ways besides combat? (Synthesize)


Responding to Cluster 1