Cluster Three: What was happening back home?
Thinking Skill: Generalizing

  • San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Some Flowers in Your Hair) (John Phillips)
  • Law and Order Chicago Style (Donald Kaul)
  • Like a Rolling Stone (Ben Fong-Torres)
  • Woodstock Nation (Marc Aronson)
  • Woodstock: The Oral History (Irwin Unger)
  • State of Emergency at "The People's Republic of Berkeley" (Tom Hayden)
  • Cambodia (Richard M. Nixon)
  • The Kent State Tragedy (Roger Barr)
  • Born on the Fourth of July (Ron Kovic)

Prediction: From the following picture, what can you guess the Cluster will be about?

John Phillips was a singer and songwriter in groups such as The Journeymen and the Mamas and the Papas. Phillips also wrote songs for the Grateful Dead, the Beach Boys, and other groups. The singer Scott MacKenzie debuted Phillip's song "San Francisco..." In 1967 Phillips helped organize the Monterey Pop Festival, including legendary performances by Jimi Hendrix and the Who. Phillips abused drugs and alcohol during much of his professional life. In 1992, shortly after quitting both, he received a liver transplant, which enabled him to live several more years. He died of a heart failure in 2001.
  1. How does the song describe San Francisco?
  2. What do you think the speaker means by "a strange vibration"?
  3. Explain the difference between this song and "I-Fell-Like-I'm-Fixin'-to-Die Rag."

Law and Order Chicago Style (Article)

Prediction: From the following picture, what can you guess the story will be about?

An estimated 100,000 protesters were expected in Chicago. Among the injured were 119 police officers, 100 protesters, and 17 journalists. Donald Kaul recently retired as Washington columnist for the Des Moines Register. In 1999, he was nominated for a Pulitzer Prize for his witty commentary on topics of national and international importance.
  1. What is the author's opinion of Mayor Daley's reaction to the antiwar protests at the 1968 Democratic Convention?
  2. What evidence does the author give to back up his opinion?
  3. Evaluate whether Kaul's account is balanced.
  4. What did you learn about the 60s from this selection?
  5. Use evidence to support a position that Kaul is either a hawk or a dove.

Like a Rolling Stone (Memoir)

Prediction: From the following picture, what can you guess the story will be about?

Ben Fong-Torres was born in Oakland, California in a Chinese neighborhood. After graduating high school, he got a job writing for the Rolling Stone magazine. He work has been nominated for many awards.
  1. Give an example of an issue that the author feels he cannot talk to his parents about.
  2. Why does the author criticize his parent's generation?
  3. How does the author explain his need to be different from his parent?

Woodstock Nation (Essay)

Prediction: From the following picture, what can you guess the story will be about?

Marc Aronson is a famous author, editor, publisher, speaker, and historian who writes for both children and adults. He believes in stories that inspire young adults to read by reflecting the world in which they live.

Woodstock: The Oral History (Interviews)

Prediction: From the following picture, what can you guess the story will be about?

Irwin Unger is a professor of history at New York University. He has written several books and has also edited several standard history texts as well. He won the Pulitzer Prize for his book the Greenback Era.
  1. Why does Marc Aronson consider Woodstock "the symbol of peace-and-love sixties?
  2. Do you think the people interviewed by Irwin Unger share Aronson's view of Woodstock?
  3. The two selections present very different views of Woodstock. Which do you think is more accurate?
  4. Utopia is a vision of a perfect world; dystopia is the opposite, a place where people live fearful lives.
  5. In your opinion was Woodstock a utopian or dystopian experiment?
  6. Debate the following statement: Woodstock was more of a party than a protest.

State of Emergency at "The People's Republic of Berkeley" (Memoir)

Prediction: From the following picture, what can you guess the story will be about?

Tom Hayden was a leader in the student, civil rights, and antiwar movements in the 1960s. He spoke out against nuclear weapons in the 70s, sweatshops in the 80s, and became a senator from California for eighteen years. He retired in 1999 and taught at several prominent universities. He has also written several books on politics and the environment.
  1. What sparked the protest over People's Park?
  2. What do yo think People's Park represented tot he protesters?
  3. Compare the Berkley protesters in 1969 to the "hippies" in 1967.

Cambodia (Speech)

Prediction: From the following picture, what can you guess the story will be about?

Richard Nixon was a World War II veteran and Vice-President under Dwight D. Eisenhower. He was also the 37th President of the United States and first President ever to resign from office. He ended fighting in Vietnam and improved relations with both the U.S.S.R. and China. But he was also responsible for the Watergate scandal. He participated in the cover-up of the crime and resigned to avoid impeachment.

After the deposition of the pro-American Prince Sihanouk in March, 1970, civil war broke out in Cambodia. The victors were the Khmer Rouge, communist guerrillas who tried to create a utopian communist state. All institutions, including schools, churches, hospitals, and families, were banned. People who lived in the cities were relocated to the country and forced to work in fields 12-14 hours a day. During this reign of terror, more than two million people died of starvation, torture, or execution on the "killing fields."

When North Vietnam conquered the country in 1979, Cambodia had lost 30% of its population in one of the worst genocides in history.
  1. Describe the "strong and effective measures" President Nixon announces in this speech.
  2. How does the president attempt to convince the American people he is doing the right thing?
  3. How do you think the president expects Americans to react to his decision?

The Kent State Tragedy (Article)

Prediction: From the following picture, what can you guess the story will be about?

Roger Barr is the author of The Vietnam War, which traces the history of the Vietnam War before American involvement through the 1974 ceasefire and after. Barr's book is a reliable resource that has been adopted for use by Facts on File and other research-based institutions.
  1. What caused the 1970 protests at Kent State?
  2. Why did the protests turn violent?
  3. What connection does the author make between the deaths at Kent State and the war in Vietnam?
  4. Why do you believe the guards used lethal force?
  5. Why do you believe this event is considered a turning point in America's involvement in Vietnam?

Born on the Fourth of July (Autobiography)

Prediction: From the following picture, what can you guess the story will be about?

Ron Kovic is a former Marine Corps sergeant who has been paralyzed from the chest down since suffering a combat injury in 1968. His autobiography is the basis for the Academy Award winning film of the same name. He remains a peace activist and has traveled throughout the United States and Europe to protest the war in Iraq.
  1. What is Ron Kovic's reaction when he first hears about the antiwar protests?
  2. Contrast Kovic's feelings about the first and second protests he takes part in.
  3. What causes the change in Kovic's attitude toward protest?
  4. Do you believe Ron Kovic was more patriotic as a Marine or as a war protester?

Responding to Cluster 3